Novgorod is a beautiful old Russian city, located 155 km south of St. Petersburg. It was built on the banks of the Volkhov River, it was founded in 859 and is considered the cradle of Russian civilization. The Russians say that "Novgorod is the father, Kiev is the mother and Moscow, the heart of the people of Russia."
There is the oldest building in the country, built in 1044, is the famous Novgorod Kremlin in Novgorod. Formerly the Kremlin was the administrative, religious and public center. Right there they kept and wrote the first Russian books. Novgorod became almost the first center of the Rus Antigua where the population literacy began.
In addition, medieval Novgorod was one of the most important artistic centers in all of Europe. Its schools of icon painting, architectural traditions, applied decorative art and jewelry stores were famous and appreciated throughout the world.
Today in Novgorod it is difficult, and very often it is impossible to define where the city ends and where the museum begins. Only in the historic center of Novgorod there are 40 churches. Among the city's ancient churches, the Santa Sofía Cathedral stands out, which is the only stone building from the 11th century that was preserved in the country. Inside the cathedral they decorate impressive frescoes of the three-meter-high prophets and the splendid iconostasis with ancient icons in silver frames impresses every tourist. It is also very interesting to visit the monastery of St. George, the cathedral of St. Nicholas and the air museum Free of popular wooden architecture.
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